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Iraq, the Rhetoric of Vietnam and Preaching

I have been intrigued by the invoking of the dreaded word “Vietnam” by folks at various stages of our involvement in Iraq.

When our leaders were moving toward the invasion of <?xml:namespace prefix = st1 ns = “urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:smarttags” />Iraq, some opponents of that move drew comparisons to Vietnam.<?xml:namespace prefix = o ns = “urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office” />
 
Sen. Robert Byrd (D-W.Va.), a consistent opponent of the invasion of Iraq, said this during the Senate debate in 2003 that led to the authorization of President Bush to go to war: “This is the TonkinGulf resolution all over again. Let us stop, look and listen. Let us not give this president or any president unchecked power. Remember the Constitution.”

In remarks on the Senate floor on April 7, 2004, Sen. Byrd invoked Vietnam again: “Now, after a year of continued strife in Iraq, comes word that the commander of forces in the region is seeking options to increase the number of U.S. troops on the ground if necessary. Surely I am not the only one who hears echoes of Vietnam in this development. Surely, the Administration recognizes that increasing the U.S. troop presence in Iraq will only suck us deeper into the maelstrom of violence that has become the hallmark of that unfortunate country.”

In a prime time press conference six days later, a reporter asked President Bush about comparisons between Iraq and Vietnam. The president responded this way: “I think the analogy is false. I also happen to think that analogy sends the wrong message to our troops, and sends the wrong message to the enemy. Look, this is hard work. It’s hard to advance freedom in a country that has been strangled by tyranny. And, yet, we must stay the course, because the end result is in our nation’s interest.”

In recent days, as has been widely reported, President Bush has made the Vietnam-Iraq comparison himself, albeit with a different spin.
 
In a speech delivered to the Veterans of Foreign Wars National Convention on Aug. 22, the president, after mentioning the ongoing debate in our nation about the Vietnam War, said, “Whatever your position is on that debate, one unmistakable legacy of Vietnam is that the price of America’s withdrawal was paid by millions of innocent citizens whose agonies would add to our vocabulary new terms like ‘boat people,’ ‘re-education camps’ and ‘killing fields.'”

Later in the speech he added: “If we were to abandon the Iraqi people, the terrorists would be emboldened, and use their victory to gain new recruits. As we saw on September the 11th, a terrorist safe haven on the other side of the world can bring death and destruction to the streets of our own cities. Unlike in Vietnam, if we withdraw before the job is done, this enemy will follow us home. And that is why, for the security of the United States of America, we must defeat them overseas so we do not face them in the United States of America.”

Now, I’m a minister of the good news of Jesus Christ and not a political or international-affairs expert. As a minister, teacher and writer, though, I do work in words. What’s interesting to me about all of this is the changing ways in which the rhetoric of Vietnam has been used in this discussion.

Opponents of the Iraq War use it to say that we shouldn’t be there and we should get out as soon as possible. They attempt to evoke feelings of loss and anxiety and futility with their use of the word.
 
Supporters of the Iraq War use it to say that we can’t get out now because if we do we’ll create the same kinds of killing fields that occurred in Indochina following our withdrawal from there. They attempt to invoke feelings of wounded pride and fear of modern terrorism.
 
It just goes to show how words can be used and even manipulated to make one’s point.

As a preacher, it causes me to want to be very cautious in my choice of words. The words we choose can have tremendous baggage associated with them. We have to be careful to be as straightforward and honest as possible and to avoid manipulation at all costs.

For President Bush, Iraq was not like Vietnam, but now it is. For Sen. John Kerry, he voted for the war before he voted against it. For me and other preachers, we need to be as clear as we can about what the God of the Bible as revealed most fully in the Jesus of the Gospels is for and against. Mainly, we need to be clear that he is for people who are struggling to find their way in this old world and their way into the world to come. That message needs straightforward proclamation, not clever word games.

The same is true of other areas of discussion, too, and our politicians really need to think about that, because, somewhat like preachers, their words are not just about words but about lives.
 
Michael Ruffin is pastor of The Hill Baptist Church in Augusta, Ga. This column is edited for length from his blog, “On the Jericho Road.”